The IEL Fellows Program began in 2018. Our Fellows are innovative award-winning scholars from the RBS Faculty who engage in research related to ethics and innovative and socially responsible business and leadership. Here’s a selected list of their publications by category from 2018.

Photo of IEL Fellows: Tobey Scharding, Joanne Ciulla, Danielle Warren
IEL Fellows: Tobey Scharding, Joanne Ciulla, Danielle Warren



Photo of IEL Fellow Wayne Eastman
IEL Fellow Wayne Eastman
  • Ciulla, Joanne B., Clancy Martin, and Robert C. Solomon, editors. Honest Work: A Business Ethics Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 5th edition 2023.
  • W. Eastman. Critical Game Theory: Humanistic and Radical Alternatives to the Mainstream.  Routledge (2023).
  • M. L. Barnett, I. Henriques & B. Husted. 2022. Salvaging Corporate Sustainability: Going Beyond the Business Case. Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, UK. Released in paperback, September 2023.
  • Lu, Xiaohe and Ciulla, Joanne B. eds. Ethics, Innovation, and Well-Being in Business and the Economy, Shanghai Academy of the Social Sciences, 2022.
  • Pinkett, R. D. and Robinson, J. A. 2022. Black Faces in High Places: 10 Strategic Actions for Black Professionals to Reach the Top and Stay There. New York: Harper Collins Leadership.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. The Search for Ethics in Leadership, Business, and Beyond, Eminent Voices in Business Ethics Series, Springer, 2020.
  • Ciulla, J.B. & Scharding, T.K., eds. 2019. Ethical Business Leadership in Troubling Times: Studies in TransAtlantic Business Ethics, Edward Elgar Publishing, Ltd.
  • Scharding, T.K. 2018. This is Business Ethics, Wiley-Blackwell.

Articles and Book Chapters

Behavioral and Organizational Ethics

  • Arkan, O., Nagpal, M., Scharding, T.K., & Warren, D.E. 2023. Don’t Just Trust Your Gut: The Importance of Normative Deliberation to Ethical Decision-Making at Work. Journal of Business Ethics, 186: 257-277.
  • Chen, C.C., Sheldon, O. J., Chen, M., & Reynolds, S. J. 2023. Conditionally accepted. For the sake of ingroup: Double-edged effects of collectivism on unethical behavior in the workplace. Business Ethics Quarterly.
  • Scharding, T.K. & Warren, D.E. 2023. When are Norms Prescriptive? Understanding and Clarifying the Role of Norms in Organizational Research. Business Ethics Quarterly, 1-34. doi:10.1017/beq.2023.11.  
  • Chen, M., Chen, C.C., & Schminke, M., 2022. Feeling guilty and entitled: Paradoxical consequences of unethical pro-organizational behavior. Journal of Business Ethics.
  • Unal. A.F. & Chen, C.C. 2022. Preferences for inequality and ethical trade-offs: A U.S.-Turkey comparison. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology.
  • Chen, M. & Chen, C.C. 2021. The moral dark side of performance pressure: How and when it affects unethical pro-organizational behavior. The International Journal of Human Resources Management.
  • Warren, D. E. & Schweitzer, M. E. 2021. When weak sanctioning systems work: Evidence from auto insurance industry fraud investigations. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 166: 68-83.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. 2019. “Ethical Leadership in the New Age of Work,” OpenMind, The Work Revolution edited by Keith Godfrey, Madrid Spain: Turner Publicaciones, 146-153.
  • Warren, D. E. 2019. The persistence of organizational deviance: When informal sanctioning systems undermine formal sanctioning systems. Business Ethics Quarterly, 29:55-84.
  • Warren, D.E., Scharding, T.K., Lewin, L.D., & Pandya, U. 2020. Making Sure Corporate Social Innovations Do Social Good. Rutgers Business Review, 5(2): 166-184.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. Review Essay: Private Government: How Employers Rule Our Lives (and Why We Don’t Talk About It) by Elizabeth Anderson” Journal of Business Ethics 156(1) (2019): 289-292.

Corporate Governance

  • Katic, Ivana, and Jerry W. Kim. In press. Caught in the Revolving Door: Firm-Government Employee Mobility as a Fleeting Regulatory Advantage. Organization Science.
  • S. Buchanan & M. L. Barnett. 2022. Inside the velvet glove: Sustaining private regulatory institutions through hollowing and fortifying. Organization Science, 33(6): 2159-2186.
  • Hughes, R. 2022. “Regulatory Entrepreneurship, Fair Competition, and Obeying the Law,” Journal of Business Ethics 181: 249–261.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

  • M. L. Barnett. 2023. Corporate social responsibility. In G. Goethals, T. Allison & G. Sorenson (eds.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Leadership Studies.
  • Hughes, R. “Cost Sharing in Managed Care and the Ethical Question of Business Purpose,” Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy 29 (2023): 965–969.
  • Lewin, L. D., & Warren, D. E. 2023. Calls to action: The dangers of negative CSR information and stakeholder punishments. Corporate Reputation Review, 1–17.
  • Warren, D. E. 2022. “Woke” corporations and the stigmatization of corporate social initiatives. Business Ethics Quarterly, 32: 169-198.
  • Scharding, T.K., Eastman, W., Ciulla, J.B., & Warren, D.E. 2022. Can Ethics Drive Firms to Do the Right Thing if There Is No Business Case? Rutgers Business Review, 7.2 Summer 2022, pp. 120-138.  
  • Zhao, X.P., Wu, C., Chen, C.C. & Zhou, Z.C., 2022. The impact of corporate CSR on employees: A meta-analysis of the mediating and moderating paths. Journal of Management, 48 (1) 114-146.
  • M. L. Barnett, I. Henriques & B. Husted. 2020. Beyond good intentions: Designing CSR initiatives for greater social impact. Journal of Management, 46(6): 937-964.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. 2020. Dirty Money: Some Ethical Questions About Donating to Charity, Rutgers Business Review, 5.2: 159-165.
  • Lewin, L., Warren, D. E. & alSuwaidi, M. 2020. Does CSR make better citizens? The influence of employee CSR programs on employee societal citizenship behavior outside of work. Business & Society Review, 125: 271-288.
  • Warren, D.E., Scharding, T., Lewin, L. & Pandya, U. 2020. Making sure corporate social innovations do social good. Rutgers Business Review, 5:166-184.    
  • M. L. Barnett. 2019. The business case for corporate social responsibility: A critique and an indirect path forward. Business & Society, 58(1): 167-190. Finalist, Business & Society 2019 Best Paper Award
  • Hughes, Rob. “Paying People to Risk Life or Limb,” Business Ethics Quarterly 29 (2019): 295–316.
  • M. L. Barnett, J. Hartmann & R. M. Salomon. 2018. Have you been served? Extending the relationship between corporate social responsibility and lawsuits. Academy of Management Discoveries, 4(2): 109-126
  • De Ruiter, M., Schaveling, J., Ciulla, J.B. Nijhof, A. (2018). “Leadership and the Creation of Corporate Social Responsibility: An Introduction to the Special Issue.” Journal of Business Ethics 151:4 871-874.
  • Opoku-Dakwa, A., Chen, C.C., & Rupp, D.E. 2018. CSR initiative characteristics and employee engagement: An impact-based perspective. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 39(5): 580-593.

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

  • M. L. Barnett, B. A. Gilbert, C. Post & J. Robinson (forth.) Strengthening our cities: Exploring the intersection of ethics, diversity, and inclusion, and social innovation in revitalizing urban environments. Journal of Business Ethics (special issue)
  • Wang et al., 2021. Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion: Introducing the MAVEN Leadership Training Initiative to diversify the scientific workforce. eLife.10:e69063 (an article about using leadership training to address equity concerns in science)
  • Robinson, J. A. and Harris, M. S. “Best Practices for Diversity and Inclusion in NSF I-Corps.” Report to the National Science Foundation. August 2021.
  • Inouye, T., Robinson, J., Joshi, A., (2019) Does a Federal Glass Ceiling Have Differential Effects on Female and Male Technology Entrepreneurs? Macro and Micro-Level Issues Surrounding Women in the Workforce, Başak Uçanok Tan, editor. London: IGI-Global pp. 109-131.
  • Joshi, Amol, Inoyue, Todd, & Robinson, Jeffrey A. 2018. “How does agency workforce diversity influence Federal R&D funding of minority and women technology entrepreneurs? An analysis of the SBIR and STTR programs, 2001–2011.” Small Business Economics, 50(3), 499-519.

Ethics, Finance, and Money

  • M. L. Barnett, V. Dimitrov & F. Gao. 2022. The nail that sticks out: Corporate social responsibility and shareholder proposals. Review of Accounting Studies.
  • Hughes, R. “Pricing Medicine Fairly,” Philosophy of Management 19 (2020): 369–385.  
  • Scharding, T.K. 2019. National Currency, World Currency, Cryptocurrency: A Fichtean Approach to the Ethics of Bitcoin. Business & Society Review, 124(2): 219-238.
  • Scharding, T.K. 2019. Structured Finance and the Social Contract: How Tranching Challenges Contractualist Approaches to Risk. Business Ethics Quarterly, 29(1):1-24.

Ethics and Law

  • Hughes, R. “Exploitation and the Desirability of Unenforced Law.” (online 2023) Business Ethics Quarterly.
  • Hughes, R. “The Ethics of Obeying Judicial Orders in Flawed Societies,” Res Publica 26 (2020): 559–575.
  • Hughes, R. “Breaking the Law Under Competitive Pressure.” Law and Philosophy 38 (2019): 169–193.

Ethics and Technology

  • M. L. Barnett, I. Henriques & B. Husted. 2021. Family matters? The effects of size and proximity in the digital age. Academy of Management Perspectives, 35(3): 557-561.
  • Scharding, T.K. 2021. Recognize Everyone’s Interests: An Algorithm for Ethical Decision-Making about Trade-Off Problems. Business Ethics Quarterly, 31(3): 450-473.
  • M. L. Barnett, I. Henriques & B. Husted. 2020. The rise and stall of stakeholder influence: How the digital age limits social control. Academy of Management Perspectives, 34(1): 48-64.

Leadership Ethics

  • Ciulla, Joanne B. (2023) “Aesop’s Cautionary Fables About the Demos and Leadership,” in Jennifer Jones, ed. A Research Agenda for Organizational Ethics. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton. MA: Edward Elgar, pp. 19-32.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. (2023). “The Myth of the Passions: Reason, Emotions, and Ethics in Leadership.” In  Epitropaki, Doris Schedlitzki, Magnus Larsson, Brigid Carroll, Michelle C. Bligh, O. The SAGE Handbook of Leadership. Available from: VitalSource Bookshelf, (2nd Edition). SAGE Publications, Ltd. (UK), pp. 202-211.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. (2023).”Do Leaders Need to Have Tender Hearts? Emotion and the Duty to Care.” In Paradoxes of Leadership and Care: Critical and Philosophical Reflections. Ed. Leah Tomkins, Cheltenham, UK and Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar, pp. 29-39.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. “Ethics and Effectiveness,” (2023) Encyclopedia of Leadership Studies. Sage.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. (2022).”Why Ethics is Embedded in Leadership,” Responsible Leadership in Business, edited by Nicola Pless and Thomas Maak, Routledge, pp. 21-38.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. “Leadership in the Age of Emotions” in Allen, S. J., C., Kempster, S., Spiller, C. (2022) eds., “Proposals for the future of leadership scholarship:  Suggestions in phronesis.” Leadership, 18(4), 565–567. DOI: 10.1177/17427150221091363.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. “Leadership and the Power of Resentment/Ressentiment,” Leadership 16.1 (2020): 25-38.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. (2019). “The Two Cultures: The Place of Humanities Research in Leadership Studies.” Leadership 15.4: 433-444.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. (2018). “The Praxiology of Collective Leadership.” Wojciech Gasparski, ed. Praxiology vol. 25: Praxiological Essays: Tests and Contexts. The International Annual of Practical Philosophy and Methodology. New York: Routledge, 2018, 59-66.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. “Why Is It Difficult to Be an Ethical Leader?” Business and Society Review 123:2 (2018): 369-383.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B., Knights, David, Mabey, Chris, Tompkins, Leah, “Philosophical Contributions to Leadership Ethics, Part II: Perspectives on the Self and Responsibility to Others,” Business Ethics Quarterly 28:3 (July 2018): 245-250.

Philosophical Ethics and Approaches to Business Ethics

Photo of IEL Fellow Rob Hughes
IEL Fellow Rob Hughes
  • Scharding, T.K. & Warren, D.E. 2023. When Workplace Norms Conflict: Using Intersubjective Reflection to Guide Ethical Decision-Making. Business Ethics Quarterly, 33(2): 352-380.
  • Ciulla, Joanne B. (2022) “The Use of Casuistry to Humanize Business.” In: Dion, M., Freeman, R.E., Dmytriyev, S.D. (eds) Humanizing Business: Issues in Business Ethics. Vol 53. Springer, pp. 115-127.
  • Scharding, T.K., Eastman, W., Ciulla, J., & Warren, D.E. 2022. Can Ethics Drive Firms to Do the Right Thing If There Is No Business Case? Rutgers Business Review, 7(2): 120-138.
  • Scharding, T.K. 2021. Community Risk Preferences: A Contractualist Approach to Business Risks. Economics & Philosophy, 37(2): 260-283.
  • Hughes, R. 2021. “Risk, Double Effect, and the Social Benefit Requirement,” Journal of Medical Ethics 47:e29.
  • Hughes, R. 2020. “Egalitarian Provision of Necessary Medical Treatment,” Journal of Ethics 24: 55–78.
  • Hughes, R. 2019. “Corporations and Justice” (co-authored with Alan Strudler), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Scharding, T.K. 2019. Individual Actions and Corporate Moral Responsibility: A (Reconstituted) Kantian Approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 154(4):929–942.  

Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship

  • Aragon-Guiller & M. L. Barnett. (forthcoming 2024) Does it pay to pay to be good? Exploring returns to CSR outsourcing. In Hawk, Larsen, Leiblein & Ruer (eds), Strategy in a Turbulent Era (Elgar)
  • J. Gualandris, O. Branzei, S. Lazzarini, M. Wilhelm, K. Dooley, M. Linnenluecke, M. Barnett, R. Hamann & C-M Chen. (2024) Unchaining supply chains: Transformative leaps towards regenerating social-ecological systems. (forth). Journal of Supply Chain Management.
  • T. Busch, M. L. Barnett, R. Burritt, B. Cashore, E. Freeman, I. Henriques, B. Husted, R. Panwar, J. Pinkse, S. Schaltegger & J. York. Moving beyond ‘the’ business case: How to make corporate sustainability work. Business Strategy & the Environment. (accepted 7/9/23) DOI: 10.1002/bse.3514
  • M. L. Barnett. 2022. Stakeholders shan’t save society. Organization Studies, 43(8): 1343-1346.
  • M. L. Barnett. 2022. Questions and Unanswers About Social Innovation. Rutgers Business Review, 7(2): 95-101.
  • M. L. Barnett, B. Cashore, I. Henriques, B. Husted, R. Panwar & J. Pinkse. 2021. Reorient the business case for corporate sustainability. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 19(3): 34-39.
  • Inouye, T., Joshi, A., Hemmatian, I., Robinson, J. 2020. “Counteracting Globalization’s Skeptics: How Diasporas Influence the Internationalization Preferences of Minority Entrepreneurs’ Firms.” Global Strategy Journal, 10(1): 123-173
  • M. L. Barnett, I. Henriques & B. Husted. 2021. Sustainability strategies. In I. Duhaime, M. Hitt & M. Lyles (eds.) Strategic Management: State of the Field and its Future, Oxford University Press: 647-662.
  • Hemmatian, I., Joshi, A.M., Inouye and, T.M. and Robinson, J.A. (2021), “Exploring the Effects of Discretion, Discrimination, and Oversight on the Inclusiveness of Small Business Contracting”, Sergi, B.S., Scanlon, C.C. and Heine, L.R.I. (Ed.) Entrepreneurship for Social Change (Lab for Entrepreneurship and Development), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 203-231.
  • Vickerie-Dearman, L., McCullers, K, Robinson, J. 2021. “Poverty Alleviation Through Entrepreneurship In The United States: A Framework For Policy And Practice.” Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (2021): 2150014.
  • Robinson, J.A., Joshi, A., Vickerie-Dearman, L., and Inouye, T. (2019). Urban innovation: at the nexus of urban policy and entrepreneurship in Handbook of Inclusive Innovation: The Role of Organizations, Markets and Communities in Social Innovation, eds. George, G., Baker, T., Tracey, P, Joshi, H.. Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 129-144.
  • M. L. Barnett. 2020. Helping business help society: Overcoming barriers to corporate social innovation. Rutgers Business Review, 5(2): 137-144
  • M. L. Barnett. 2020. Good distances make good neighbors: Coordinating self-regulation in the face of our communal crisis. Responsible Research in Business & Management.
  • M. L. Barnett, I. Henriques & B. Husted. 2018. Governing the void between stakeholder management and sustainability. Advances in Strategic Management, 38: 121-143.
  • Aragon, N. Ortiz & M. Barnett. 2018. It ain’t easy becoming greener: Shifting attention toward further improvements in corporate environmental performance. In H. Van Buren & C. Vansandt (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of the International Association for Business & Society, 1-14.

Alternative Theories of the Firm

  • Spender, J.-C. (2024). Simon and Knight. In Gerd Gigerenzer, Shabnam Mousavi, & Riccardo Viale (Eds.), The Herbert Simon Companion (pp. xxx). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Pattit, Jason M., Pattit, Katherina G., & Spender, J.-C. (2024). Edith T. Penrose: Economist of ‘The Ordinary Business of Life’. Strategic Management Review, Edith Penrose and The Theory of the Growth of the Firm: The Next Sixty Years.
  • Spender, J.-C., & Kraaijenbrink, Jeroen. (2022). The Paradox of Strategizing: Embracing Managerial Agency without Throttling it. Journal of Business Strategy Finance and Management, 10(11).
  • Spender, J.-C. (2022). A Note on Alternative ‘Theories of the Firm.’ In Michael Pirson, David M. Wasieleski, & Erica Steckler (Eds.), Alternatives to the Theory of the Firm (pp. 23-55). London: Routledge.
  • Spender, J.-C. (2021). Towards a Firm for Our Time. Kindai Management Review, 9, 124-137.
  • McLaren, Patricia Genoe, Bridgman, Todd, Cummings, Stephen, Lubinski, Christina, O’Connor, Ellen, Spender, J. C., & Durepos, Gabrielle. (2021). From the Editors—New Times, New Histories of the Business School. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 20(3), 293-299. doi:10.5465/amle.2021.0318
  • Agostini, Lara, Nosella, Anna, Sarala, Riikka, Spender, J. -C., & Wegner, Douglas. (2020). Tracing the evolution of the literature on knowledge management in inter-organizational contexts: a bibliometric analysis. Journal of Knowledge Management, 24(2), 463-490. doi:10.1108/JKM-07-2019-0382
  • Spender, J.-C. (2018). Management Education and Duff McDonald’s Report on the Harvard Business School. Journal of Intercultural Management and Ethics, 1(2), 7-23.
  • Spender, J.-C. (2018). Managing - According to Williamson, or to Coase? Kindai Management Review, 6, 13-34.
  • Spender, J.-C. (2018). Managing the Engines of Value Production. Real-World Economics Review, 83, 99-115.